Analysis on the operation of electrical steel indu

2022-08-11
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Analysis of operation of electrical steel industry in 2018 and outlook for 2019

analysis of operation of electrical steel industry in 2018 and outlook for 2019

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original title: analysis of operation of electrical steel industry in 2018 and outlook for 2019

in 2018, China's electrical steel market showed a trend of reversion. Excluding some enterprises that did not calculate the capacity utilization rate, the capacity utilization rate of non oriented electrical steel and oriented electrical steel in China exceeded 70% in 2018. For China's electrical steel industry, 2019 has both challenges and opportunities

the electrical steel market returned to rationality in 2018

in terms of non oriented electrical steel, the dynamic capacity of China's non oriented electrical steel 1066 axis split control multi-function testing machine was 10000 tons in 2018, a year-on-year decrease of 360000 tons; There are about 21 production enterprises, including 8 state-owned enterprises, with a capacity of about 7.31 million tons, accounting for 68.57% of the total capacity; There are 13 private enterprises (including hybrid and joint ventures), with a capacity of about 3.35 million tons, accounting for 31.43% of the total capacity

in 2018, China produced about 8.9425 million tons of non oriented electrical steel, a year-on-year decrease of 51900 tons. In terms of varieties, the output of the three varieties decreased by two and increased by one. Medium and low grade non oriented electrical steel produced 7.3257 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 0.94%; High grade non oriented electrical steel produced 1184100 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 5.65%; High efficiency (high magnetic induction) non oriented electrical steel produced 432700 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 9.44%. In terms of proportion, non oriented electrical steel of medium and low grades accounts for 81.92%, non oriented electrical steel of high grades accounts for 13.24%, and high efficiency (high magnetic induction) non oriented electrical steel accounts for 4.84%. In terms of enterprises, the output of seven production enterprises increased year-on-year, and the capacity utilization rate of Shougang reached 136.38%; The output of 8 enterprises fell year-on-year, and the capacity utilization rate of Huangshi Xingye was only 30%; Four enterprises suspended production; The output of the two enterprises was flat year on year

in 2018, the capacity utilization rate of non oriented electrical steel in China was 83.89% (Jiangyin Haida group stopped production, and the capacity utilization rate of 200000 tons was not calculated), an increase of 2.27% year-on-year. The main reason is that the capacity of 50W600, 50w800, 50w1000, 50w1300 non oriented electrical steel is too large. Affected by demand and market, some production enterprises are forced to stop production or reduce production; Judging from the price trend in the 12 months of 2018, there was a situation of "3 rises, 2 falls and 7 levels", and the market price was basically stable throughout the year. Some enterprises avoid the market downturn, produce when the market is good, and stop production when the market is bad

in terms of oriented electrical steel, China's dynamic production capacity of oriented electrical steel was 1.655 million tons in 2018, an increase of 315000 tons year-on-year. There are about 18 production enterprises, including 3 state-owned enterprises, with a capacity of about 1.09 million tons (including Baosteel's new capacity), accounting for 65.86% of the total capacity; There are 15 private enterprises (excluding enterprises under construction), with a capacity of about 565000 tons, accounting for 34.14% of the total capacity

in 2018, China produced 1218900 tons of oriented electrical steel, an increase of 114300 tons year-on-year. Among them, the production of CGO steel (oriented silicon steel) was 315500 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 29.62%; Hib steel (high magnetic induction oriented silicon steel) produced 903400 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 6.91%. In terms of the proportion of structural quantity of various varieties, Hib steel accounts for 74.11% and CGO steel accounts for 25.88%

in 2018, the capacity utilization rate of oriented electrical steel in China was 73.65% (the capacity utilization rate of 40000 tons in Guangdong Yingquan was not calculated), a year-on-year decrease of 8.78%. The main reason for the decline is that in 2018, four production enterprises were put into trial production, and the production capacity was not fully released due to the influence of raw materials and technology mastery. In 2018, there was a turning point in the supply-demand relationship of oriented electrical steel. Oversupply or overcapacity has become obvious, especially the continuous release of CGO steel production capacity, the market competition has become fierce, the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent, and the price is difficult to rise. Although the market price "rose by 10 and leveled by 2" in 2018, this is only the performance of oriented electrical steel from turning losses to a reasonable price range

at present or in the later stage, controlling the expansion of production capacity, stabilizing the market, stabilizing prices, changing the time of enterprise price adjustment and improving the market environment of transformer, motor and other industries are important guarantees to support the later stage market

challenges and opportunities coexist in the electrical steel industry in 2019

2019 is the last year of the implementation of the 13th five year plan, and 2020 will usher in the 14th five year plan. Electrical steel enterprises need to prepare the 14th five year development plan in accordance with national industrial policies. Challenges and opportunities coexist in the electrical steel industry

in terms of opportunities, with the rapid development of new energy electric vehicles, the construction of xiong'an new area, the western development, the Yangtze River economic belt, etc., it will bring many benefits to electrical steel enterprises. It is expected that a new round of demand growth period may appear in the electrical steel industry in the next three to five years

in terms of challenges, the downstream industry has put forward new technologies for electrical steel products, with the help of this biocompatible polymer material. For example, the national key UHV projects, high-speed rail and rail transit, low-noise transformers, robots, unmanned aerial vehicles, aircraft, intelligent furniture, high-efficiency motors, etc. have put forward new requirements for electrical steel. Non oriented electrical steel is developing in the direction of 0.30 mm ~ 0.20 mm, and oriented electrical steel is developing in the direction of oriented electrical steel for low-noise transformers and three-dimensional rolled iron cores. Its material requirements are: thickness ≤ 0.30 mm, p17/50 ≤ 0.90 w/kg, magnetic induction intensity B800 ≥ 1.90t, stacking factor ≥ 0.96; Motor products will achieve the goals of light weight, small volume, frequency conversion, high efficiency, high speed, energy conservation, environmental protection and intelligence; Transformer products will achieve the goals of large capacity, high voltage, high reliability, environmental protection, miniaturization, portability and high impedance of urban transformers

in the face of opportunities and challenges, electrical steel enterprises need to seriously implement the national energy conservation and environmental protection policies, realize green manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing, accelerate the elimination of low-end backward production capacity and non-standard products, and carry out activities to crack down on or prohibit the use of black carbon common steel that does not meet national standards and consumes large amounts of energy to make electrical iron cores. At the same time, we should control the production capacity of electrical steel and new electrical steel projects, especially strengthen the control of backward process projects or 10 repeated construction projects, and speed up the elimination of narrow-band mills and poor product production lines

in addition, we should respond well to the "the Belt and Road" initiative, actively go out and export to more than 60 surrounding countries to serve the international market

content source: Metallurgical Information

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